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  • ioKinetic Insights Fall 2021

    ioKinetic Insights Fall 2021

    Regarding vessels and tubes containing combustible gases or dusts, it is important to acquire knowledge on the conditions under which a fuel and oxidizer could undergo explosive reactions. These conditions are strongly dependent on the pressure and temperature. Given a premixed fuel-oxidizer system at room temperature and ambient pressure, the mixture is essentially unreactive. However, if an ignition source is applied locally and the composition of the mixture is within certain limits (the so-called flammability limits), a region of explosive reaction can propagate through the gaseous mixture due to mainly two phenomena. Read more
  • Summer 2021 Newsletter

    Insights Summer 2021

    Inhibitors are chemical substances that are used in small amounts to suppress the polymerization reaction of a monomer. An inhibitor has to be completely consumed before a polymerization reaction can proceed at normal rates. The time required to completely consume the inhibitor is often referred to as an “induction” time. Inhibitors react with polymerization initiation radicals to produce products that cannot induce further reaction. Read more
  • ioKinetic Spring 2021 Newsletter

    Spring 2021 Newsletter

    Explosions can occur in vessels or enclosures containing flammable gases and/or dusts. Explosion venting, often referred to as deflagration venting (because we cannot practically vent detonations), is used to protect from catastrophic vessel/enclosure fai Read more
  • Fall 2018 Newsletter

    Fall 2018 Newsletter

    Massive conveyor belt fire damages New Zealand fertilizer plant. A Christchurch fertilizer factory ravaged by fire is expected to cost “many millions” of dollars to repair, a company spokesman says. Explosions were heard and thick plumes of black smoke were seen across... Read more
  • Summer 2018 Newsletter

    Summer 2018 Newsletter

    A dust explosion in a wood chip silo on Sunday caused a fire that damaged several structures at the Borg Manufacturing particleboard plant in Australia, reports from several local news organizations said. Over 30 firefighters responded to the incident... Read more
  • Spring 2018 Newsletter

    Spring 2018 Newsletter

    Making Sense of Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis. Process hazard analyses (PHAs) have been conducted for decades in many industries. First conceived at ICI in the 1960s (Kletz, 2009), they have been refined and adapted for various applications, now finding their way into... Read more